Author Archives: Lynn Provencio

Diamond capsules improve performance of laser fusion

Phys.org August 9, 2018, Osaka University Figure 1. Diamond capsule for nuclear fusion made using the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method (Diameter: ~500 µm, film thickness < 6 μm). Credit: Osaka University Osaka University-led researchers demonstrated that the perturbation of laser imprinting on a capsule for nuclear fusion fuel made from stiff and heavy materials was mitigated. Using the latest ... Read More »

Workshop advances plans for coping with disruptions on ITER

Eureka Alert 3-Aug-2018 IMAGE: Participants in the three-day workshop on mitigating disruptions in the ITER fusion facility experiment. view more Credit: Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications The sixth Annual Theory and Simulation of Disruptions Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) made substantial progress toward planning a system for mitigating disruptions on ITER, the ... Read More »

Fusion start-ups hope to revolutionize energy in the coming decades

C&EN August 6, 2018 Credit: General Fusion | The pistons surrounding General Fusion’s main reactor fire once per second, pressurizing the liquid metal and plasma within. With the help of venture capital funding and new technologies, a cadre of companies want to commercialize fusion energy in the next 20 years In brief A group of start-up companies hopes to capitalize ... Read More »

China And Thailand Partner Up For Fusion Power Research

Asian Scientist August 1, 2018 China donates its HT-6M tokamak to Thailand, fuelling China-Thai cooperation on fusion power research. China’s HT-6M tokamak—one of four fusion devices developed by the Institute of Plasma Physics at Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (ASIPP)—has been donated to the Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT). The HT-6M tokamak has been in operation for 18 years ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion Updated project reviews

Next Big Future August 1, 2018 Here is a rundown of the various nuclear fusion projects. Overall there many interesting projects with decent funding. Most are being more careful about making specific timeline promises. Molten Salt fission could deliver on most of the nuclear fusion clean energy and low-cost energy claims with what appears to be lower technical risks and ... Read More »

Will Lockheed Martin Change The World With Its New Fusion Reactor?

Forbes Aug 1, 2018 Artist’s rendition of concept Compact Fusion Reactor (CFR) – Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin’s secretive Skunk Works® laboratory registered a patent in March for a revolutionary technology that could solve the world’s energy problems for good – but don’t pop the champagne yet. The design is for a compact fusion reactor (CFR) which theoretically produces cheap, clean, ... Read More »

Newest supercomputer to help develop fusion energy in international device

PPPL July 25, 2018 Stephen Jardin Scientists led by Stephen Jardin, principal research physicist and head of the Computational Plasma Physics Group at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), have won 40 million core hours of supercomputer time to simulate plasma disruptions that can halt fusion reactions and damage fusion facilities, so that scientists can ... Read More »

AGNI Fusion has innovative hybrid ion beam approach to commercial fusion

Next Big Future brian wang | July 18, 2018 AGNI wants to achieve a paradigm shift in energy with a nuclear fusion reactor with 10 times the efficiency of fission and no waste. Dr. James Conca covered AGNI for Forbes. AGNI has the ability to remediate all radioactive waste made with fission models to include waste in storage. AGNI can ... Read More »

David Gann appointed as Chair of the UK Atomic Energy Authority

Imperial College London by Andrew Scheuber | 19 July 2018 Professor David Gann CBE, Imperial’s Vice President (Innovation), will become Chair of the UK Atomic Energy Authority from 1 August. UKAEA is the UK government’s research organisation responsible for developing nuclear fusion power and related technology. The body works to utilise nuclear fusion for a carbon-free energy future. Professor David ... Read More »

Cracking Nuclear Fusion With Supercomputers And Smart Code

The Next Platform June 27, 2018 Brid-Aine Parnell Nuclear fusion, the opportunity to harness the power of the stars, has been a dream of humanity from around the time of the Manhattan Project. But while making bombs has been readily achieved, controlling the process for thermonuclear fusion for civilian use has been frustratingly elusive. Nuclear fusion could be a clean, ... Read More »

TAE rearranges its leadership and gets ready for next chapter in fusion quest backed by Paul Allen

Geek Wire by Alan Boyle on July 17, 2018 Michl Binderbauer is moving up from chief technology officer to chief executive officer at California-based TAE Technologies, formerly known as Tri Alpha Energy. (PPPL / TAE Photo) TAE Technologies, the fusion energy venture backed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen and other heavy-hitters, is elevating Michl Binderbauer to CEO and bringing former ... Read More »

No more zigzags: Scientists uncover mechanism that stabilizes fusion plasmas

PPPL Isabel Krebs Sawtooth swings — up-and-down ripples found in everything from stock prices on Wall Street to ocean waves — occur periodically in the temperature and density of the plasma that fuels fusion reactions in doughnut-shaped facilities called tokamaks. These swings can sometimes combine with other instabilities in the plasma to produce a perfect storm that halts the reactions. ... Read More »

Nuclear fusion isn’t as far away as you think

Tri City Herald By Jim Conca | July 14, 2018 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operated by Battelle in Richland. Tri-City Herald file On Feb. 22, 2016, Bill Gates said that an “energy miracle is coming and it is going to change the world.” He was talking about nuclear energy. Gates formed a nuclear engineering company a few years back, in ... Read More »

NEW CRP: Atomic Data for Vapour Shielding in Fusion Devices (F43024)

IAEA July 11, 2018 An illustration of the interactions between ions and neutrals in a plasma vapour shield. (Illustration: IAEA) The IAEA is launching a new 3-year Coordinated Research Project (CRP) in order to assemble, validate and distribute atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction data for nuclear fusion energy development. Upon conclusion, the CRP is expected to provide an authoritative and ... Read More »

NIF sets new laser energy record

LLNL July 10, 2018 NIF’s target chamber is where the magic happens — temperatures of 100 million degrees and pressures extreme enough to compress the target to densities up to 100 times that of lead are created there. Photo by Jason Laurea/LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL) National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser system has set a new record, firing 2.15 ... Read More »

CPMI researchers prepare HIDRA to test liquid lithium fusion reactor experiments

NPRE Illinois Jul 03, 2018 Researchers working with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign HIDRA plasma/fusion facility have had a busy and productive summer as they have prepared the facility to run experiments on techniques designed to advance fusion reactors. Scientists at both Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and the Center for Plasma-Material Interactions (CPMI) at Illinois are examining the ... Read More »

Deep learning software advances the quest for fusion energy feasibility

Princeton Research Computing Jun 15, 2018 Four members of the PICSciE-affiliated research team that designed the experiments and developed the FRRN code: Chief architect of the FRNN is Julian Kates-Harbeck (inset photo), a graduate student at Harvard University and a DOE Office of Science Computational Science Graduate Fellow; Eliot Feibush (standing, center), a computational scientist and experienced data analyst at ... Read More »

Physics: Plasma-Jet-Driven Magneto-Inertial Fusion (PJMIF)

Open Access Government July 9, 2018 Professor Y. C. Francis Thio and Dr. F. Douglas Witherspoon of HyperJet Fusion Corporation, USA share their expert views on physics, with a focus on Plasma-Jet-Driven Magneto-Inertial Fusion (PJMIF) MIF uses a material shell (liner) to compress a magnetised plasma target to create fusion reactions In the previous article in this series1, we reported ... Read More »

Atomic Movie of Melting Gold Could Help Design Materials for Future Fusion Reactors

RD Mag 06/28/2018 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have recorded the most detailed atomic movie of gold melting after being blasted by laser light. The insights they gained into how metals liquefy have potential to aid the development of fusion power reactors, steel processing plants, spacecraft and other applications where materials have to withstand extreme ... Read More »

10 Questions for Steven Cowley, New Director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

PPPL By Larry Bernard | July 2, 2018 10 Questions for Steven Cowley, New Director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Steven Cowley, a theoretical physicist and international authority on fusion energy, became the seventh Director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) on July 1 and will be Princeton professor of astrophysical sciences on September 1. Most recently president ... Read More »

Taming fusion with machine learning

MIT Paul Rivenberg | July 2, 2018 MIT postdoc Cristina Rea records data about disruptions in fusion plasmas from the DIII-D control room. Photo courtesy of General Atomics. Postdoc Cristina Rea’s detour into banking provides a new route back to plasma research. “In some ways you can compare what we are trying to do to self-driving cars.” MIT postdoc Cristina ... Read More »

Has This Startup Cracked the Secret to Fusion Energy?

livescience.com By Yasemin Saplakoglu, Staff Writer | June 25, 2018 The ongoing joke in the world of physics is that commercially viable fusion energy has been just on the horizon — 30 years away at most — for the past eight decades. Now, a new Washington-based startup, Agni Energy Inc., has a plan for a fusion reactor the company said ... Read More »

Wendelstein 7-X achieves world record for fusion product

Phys.org June 25, 2018 by Isabella Milch, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP) View inside the plasma vessel with graphite tile cladding. Credit: IPP, Jan Michael Hosan In the past experimentation round Wendelstein 7-X achieved higher temperatures and densities of the plasma, longer pulses and the stellarator world record for the fusion product. Moreover, first confirmation for the optimisation concept on which ... Read More »

NIF achieves record double fusion yield

LLNL June 13, 2018 This rendering of the inside of NIF’s target chamber shows the target positioner moving into place. Pulses from NIF’s high-powered lasers race through the facility at the speed of light and arrive at the center of the target chamber within a few trillionths of a second of each other, aligned to the accuracy of the diameter ... Read More »

Physicists Achieve Important Milestone Under Nuclear Fusion Energy

Sunrise News June 19, 2018 The physicist of the National Ignition Facility of the United States claims that they have clinched in another milestone under the nuclear fusion energy. These physicists focused on the generation of fusion energy from a deuterium-tritium fuel capsule by its laser implosion. The generated fusion energy is twice that of the kinetic energy of the ... Read More »

PPPL physicists aim to unlock mysteries of fusion with Early Career Research awards

PPPL June 21, 2018 (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications ) Physicists Sam Lazerson, left, and Nate Ferraro. Physicists Dr. Nate Ferraro and Dr. Sam Lazerson of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have each won 2018 Early Career Research Program awards sponsored by the DOE Office of Science. The two five-year awards will ... Read More »

Princeton astrophysicist Bhattacharjee leads team to create framework for an optimal fusion energy device

Princeton June 18, 2018 Stellarators, fusion facilities with a “twisty” design, have long played second fiddle to doughnut-shaped tokamaks that better confine the plasma that fuels fusion reactions. Now, in a development with major implications for the effort to replicate on Earth the fusion reactions that power the sun and stars to produce a virtually limitless supply of electricity, an ... Read More »

Giant lasers pass new milestone towards fusion energy

Physics World 18 Jun 2018 Early stages: laser preamplifiers at the National Ignition Facility. (Courtesy: CC BY-SA 3.0/Damien Jemison/LLNL) Physicists working at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) in the US say they have passed another important milestone in their quest for nuclear fusion energy. They have shown that the fusion energy generated by the laser implosion of a deuterium-tritium fuel ... Read More »

Ahmedabad to host IAEA’s fusion meet

Times of India Jun 15, 2018 Ahmedabad: India will host the world’s largest International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fusion energy conference (FEC) at the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR) in Bhat in Ahmedabad. The five-day event will begin from October 22. Preparations for the event is in full swing with scientific papers being called for from over 1,000 fusion energy ... Read More »

New PPPL Director Steve Cowley is honored with knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II

PPPL June 12, 2018 Steven Cowley in front of the Lyman Spitzer Building at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. Steven Cowley, newly named director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) effective July 1, has received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth “for services to science and the development of nuclear fusion.” Now known formally as ... Read More »

David’s story

IOP My future goal is to do whatever I can to get electricity on the grid by fusion power. Coming from a long-line of engineers my family were surprised that I desperately wanted to work in physics. After completing a degree in Engineering Physics I started my career at the University of Oxford as a Research Technician working in functional ... Read More »

Oxford academics recognised in Queen’s Birthday Honours

Oxford University 8 Jun 2018 The pioneering work of members of the University has been recognised in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List. Professor Angela Ruth McLean, FRS, Professor of Mathematical Biology at the University of Oxford, is appointed DBE for services to mathematical biology and to scientific advice for government. She said: “I am delighted to receive this honour and ... Read More »

New model sheds light on key physics of magnetic islands that halt fusion reactions

PPPL June 6, 2018 KSTAR physicist Jae-Min Kwon, left, and PPPL physicist C.S. Chang. (Photos by National Fusion Research Institute, left, and Elle Starkman.) Magnetic islands, bubble-like structures that form in fusion plasmas, can grow and disrupt the plasmas and damage the doughnut-shaped tokamak facilities that house fusion reactions. Recent research at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma ... Read More »

ST40 achieves 15-million-degree target

WNN 06 June 2018 Tokamak Energy announced today that it has achieved plasma temperatures of over 15 million degrees Celsius, hotter than the centre of the Sun. The Oxford, England-based company turned on its ST40 reactor for the first time in April 2017. The reactor aims to produce a record-breaking plasma temperature for a privately-funded venture of 100 million degrees. ... Read More »

Speculative climate chaos v. indisputable fossil fuel benefits

Paul Driessen and Roger Bezdek June 2, 2018 Federal judge tells climate litigants to tally the numerous blessings from fossil fuels since 1859 Judge William Alsup has a BS in engineering, has written computer programs for his ham radio hobby, delves deeply into the technical aspects of numerous cases before him, and even studied other programming languages for a complex ... Read More »

Trump administration must decide whether to back the biggest nuclear fusion project ever

Science and Technology June 5, 2018 The House Science, Space and Technology Committee is known for its partisan bickering. Under Chairman Lamar Smith (R-Tex.), Republicans opened probes into federally funded climate scientists that Democrats have derided as politically motivated witch hunts. But the panel showed a rare bit of bipartisanship during a hearing Tuesday with Democrats and Republicans generally uniting ... Read More »

Seeing all the colors of the plasma wind

Phys.org June 4, 2018, US Department of Energy Credit: US Department of Energy When it comes to plasma winds in a tokamak, researchers are always looking for the Goldilocks solution—one that is just right. Winds that are too high or too low can reduce plasma efficiency. Researchers at the DIII-D National Fusion Center are using a new type of imaging ... Read More »

Scientists From Around the World Come to New Jersey to Discuss How to Control Plasma-Surface Interactions for Fusion

PPPL By Larry Bernard | June 4, 2018 Physicists Rajesh Maingi, left, and Charles Skinner. PRINCETON, New Jersey (June 6, 2018) – The 23rd International Conference on Plasma Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices – the preeminent biennial research conference in this field – begins on June 17 and continues for six days. More than 400 scientists from around the ... Read More »

Advanced tokamak investigations in full-tungsten ASDEX Upgrade

AIP Physics of Plasmas Physics of Plasmas 25, 056115 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5024320 A. Bocka, H. Doerk, R. Fischer, D. Rittich, J. Stober, A. Burckhart, E. Fable, B. Geiger, A. Mlynek, M. Reich, H. Zohm, and ASDEX Upgrade Team Abstract The appropriate tailoring of the q-profile is the key to accessing Advanced Tokamak (AT) scenarios, which are of great benefit to future ... Read More »

Stellarator’s plasma results show a triumph of engineering and modeling

ARS Technica Chris Lee – 5/23/2018 A possible route to fusion makes a very impressive start. The plasma vessel has a shape that mimics that of the magnetic field. Many moons ago, Ars was introduced to the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator (W7-X), an experimental fusion concept. At the time, W7-X—the world’s largest stellarator—had just completed some warm-up tests and had been ... Read More »

Postdoctoral Researcher (fixed term) in the area of edge-plasma physics in magnetic fusion energy devices

Duunitori Aalto-yliopisto Työpaikkakuvaus Aalto University is a community of bold thinkers where science and art meet technology and business. We are committed to identifying and solving grand societal challenges and building an innovative future. Aalto University has six schools with nearly 11 000 students and nearly 400 professors. The campus of the School of Science is located on the Otaniemi ... Read More »

Materials for nuclear fusion: how do you confine a sun to a box?

Oxford 18th May 2018 by Jack Haley Nuclear fusion – energy of the future? Modern nuclear power plants produce power from the energy produced during nuclear fission, where heavy and unstable atoms are split open. Typically, a neutron will react with an atom of Uranium-235 to produce two smaller atoms, for example Rubidium and Caesium, plus three neutrons. The three ... Read More »

Real Russian collusion the Dems and MSM ignore

By Paul Driessen May 19, 2018 Putin pals fund radical groups that interfere with US elections, energy, agriculture and economy Robert Mueller’s politicized investigation into allegations that President Trump or the Trump campaign or some Trump associate somehow colluded with Russians continues unproven but unabated. Many think partisan politics ensure it will not be concluded or terminated before the fall ... Read More »

Faster nuclear fusion work

Engineerlive.com 22nd May 2018 Case study showing how advanced technology is speeding up MRO at the world’s largest nuclear fusion facility As the world’s largest nuclear fusion power experiment, the JET (Joint European Torus) nuclear fusion tokamak is designed to harness energy with the intention of furthering the development of fusion power generation. Fusion is based on the same principle ... Read More »

Steven Cowley named director of DOE’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

PPPL May 16, 2018 Steven Cowley (Photo courtesy of Steven Cowley) By Office of Communications, Princeton University PRINCETON, New Jersey — Steven Cowley, a theoretical physicist and international authority on fusion energy, has been named director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), effective July 1. Cowley has served as president of Corpus Christi College ... Read More »

Physicists to create new X-ray diagnostics for the WEST fusion device in France

Phys.org May 11, 2018 by Raphael Rosen From left PPPL physicists Ken Hill, Luis Delgado-Aparicio, and Brentley Stratton. Credit: Elle Starkman A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has won a DOE Office of Science award to develop new X-ray diagnostics for WEST—the Tungsten (W) Environment in Steady-state Tokamak—in Cadarache, France. ... Read More »