Imaging divertor strike point splitting in RMP ELM suppression experiments in the DIII-D tokamak

Review of Scientific Instruments 89, 10E106 (2018);

R. A. Moyer, I. Bykov, D. M. Orlov, T. E. Evans, J. S. Lee, A. M. Teklu, M. E. Fenstermacher, M. Makowski, C. J. Lasnier, H. Q. Wang, J. G. Watkins, and W. Wu

Published Online: 27 August 2018
Accepted: June 2018


Fast visible imaging of the lower divertor from above is used to study the structure and dynamics of lobes induced by resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) in Edge-Localized Mode (ELM) suppression experiments in DIII-D. The best compromise between the amount of light and sharp imaging was obtained using emission at 601 nm from Fulcher band molecular deuterium. Multiple spatially resolved peaks in the D2 emission, taken as a proxy for the particle flux, are readily resolved during RMPs, in contrast to the heat flux measured by infrared cameras, which shows little spatial structure in ITER-like conditions. The 25 mm objective lens provides high spatial resolution (2–4 mm/pixel) from the centerpost to the outer shelf over 40° toroidally that overlaps the field of view of the IRTV that measures the divertor heat flux, allowing direct comparison in non-axisymmetric discharges. The image is coupled to a Phantom 7.3 camera using a Schott wound fiber bundle, providing high temporal resolution that allows the lobe dynamics to be resolved between ELMs and across ELM suppression onset. These measurements are used to study the heat and particle flux in 3D magnetic fields and to validate models for the plasma response to RMPs.

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