Review of Scientific Instruments 89, 10D112 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5035126
J. Chunga, J. Ko, S.-H. Hahn, H. S. Kim, and S. J. Wang
Published Online: 21 August 2018
Accepted: June 2018
The q-profile control is essential for tokamaks exploring the advanced tokamak scenarios, which is expected to be able to provide a possible route toward a steady-state high performance operation in a fully non-inductive current drive state. This is because the pressure and current profiles must remain optimal for the scenario during the injection of large amounts of heating and current drive. Here, essential tools for the q-profile control are the motional Stark effect diagnostic for measuring the radial magnetic pitch angle profile and a state-of-the-art plasma control system. The pulse duration of the H-mode discharge at KSTAR has been extended year by year with improved control performance, and the experiment of internal transport barrier (ITB) formation in a weakly reversed q-profile with a marginal neutral beam injection majority heating successfully demonstrated that the ITB is an alternative candidate to achieve a high performance regime in KSTAR. These recent achievements are attributed to reliable profile measurement, which means that profile feedback control has become a necessary step to ensure a robust and reliable approach to advanced scenarios as the next step of research in KSTAR. In this paper, we discuss the technical and conceptual requirements for q-profile control according to the upgrade plan for heating and current drive systems in the coming years.