Search Results for: ITER

New Physics Understanding Provides Attractive Path for Developing Fusion Energy via a Steady-State Tokamak

Newswise 2017-12-19 International collaborators advance physics basis for tokamak plasma confinement at low rotation, potentially benefiting a fusion reactor. Credit: Image courtesy of General Atomics/DIII-D National Fusion Facility U.S.- and China-based magnetic fusion scientists in the control room of the DIII-D tokamak in San Diego. Inset: Almost identical electron temperature profiles (shown in top plot versus the normalized radial coordinate ... Read More »

Artificial intelligence helps accelerate progress toward efficient fusion reactions

PPPL December 14, 2017 Image of plasma disruption in experiment on JET, left, and disruption-free experiment on JET, right. Training the FRNN neural network to predict disruptions calls for assigning weights to the data flow along the connections between nodes. Data from new experiments is then put through the network, which predicts “disruption” or “non-disruption.” The ultimate goal is at ... Read More »

Laser-boron fusion now ‘leading contender’ for energy

WUWT December 14, 2017 Schematic of proposed laser-driven hydrogen-boron fusion, which generates energy and insignificant levels of radioactivity. Laser 1 produces a 10-kilotesla field, which is sustained for about a nanosecond after being generated, trapping the hydrogen-boron fuel in the cylindrical axis of a magnetic coil. A 30kJ picosecond pulse from Laser 2 induces plasma block ignition6 in the fuel ... Read More »

Laser-driven technique for creating fusion is now within reach, say researchers

Phys.org December 13, 2017 A laser-driven technique for creating fusion that dispenses with the need for radioactive fuel elements and leaves no toxic radioactive waste is now within reach, say researchers. Dramatic advances in powerful, high-intensity lasers are making it viable for scientists to pursue what was once thought impossible: creating fusion energy based on hydrogen-boron reactions. And an Australian ... Read More »

Physicists win supercomputing time to study fusion and the cosmos

PPPL December 6, 2017 Physicists Amitava Bhattacharjee and C.S. Chang More than 210 million core hours on two of the most powerful supercomputers in the nation have been won by two teams led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). The highly competitive awards from the DOE Office of Science’s INCITE (Innovative and ... Read More »

Nuclear fusion research centre gets £86m from government

BBC 7 December 2017 Inside a nuclear fusion research device at Culham Science Centre An £86m investment in new facilities for nuclear fusion research in the UK has been announced by the government. Two new “centres of excellence” will be created for the UK Atomic Energy Authority’s (UKAEA) fusion research programme at Culham Science Centre in Oxfordshire. It is hoped ... Read More »

£86 million boost for UK nuclear fusion programme

CCFE 07/12/2017 An £86 million Government investment in the nuclear fusion research programme at Culham has today been announced. This investment will fund the building and operation of a National Fusion Technology Platform at Culham Science Centre, expected to open in 2020. The new facilities will support British industry and help to secure around £1 billion in contracts from the ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion

Alternative Energy News Danny Ovy on December 1, 2017 ITER worksite in August 2017. Nuclear fusion is considered today the only source of limitless clean power that can solve the energy problem on planet Earth. With the development of the human society, the energy demand increases year after year, and because we mostly rely on fossil fuels to cover the ... Read More »

16th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications

IOP Published 1 December 2017 • © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd Conference PDF The 16th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications (PFMC-16) was held in Düsseldorf/Neuss in Germany in May 2017 and organized by the Institut für Energie und Klimaforschung (IEK) of the Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH. Originating in 1985, as the ‘Carbon Workshop’, 10 editions have ... Read More »

DEMO demonstration power plant

IPP IPP’s DEMO Studies project treats physical and technological questions that have to be clarified for preparation of a demonstration power plant. The road to a fusion power plant, whether tokamak (blue) or stellarator (green): If DEMO is built as a tokamak involving parallel research in a stellarator with ignited plasma, the first fusion power plant could be of both ... Read More »

Cryostat base – And now tier two

ITER 27 NOV, 2017 Nothing gives a better sense of the size of the ITER machine than the ongoing works in the Cryostat Workshop. Breaking coconuts and sharing their flesh before any event of importance, whether a wedding, a journey or a construction project, is an Indian tradition. It is supposed to remove the hurdles from the path of our ... Read More »

Researcher Wins IAEA Nuclear Fusion Prize for Physics Insight into Reaching High-Performance Operation in Fusion Devices

IAEA NOV 15 2017 Matteo Barbarino, IAEA Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications Miklos Gaspar, IAEA Office of Public Information and Communication Francois Ryter from Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics has won the IAEA’s 2017 Nuclear Fusion Journal Prize for experimental work elucidating a mechanism that can trigger a fusion plasma (see video) to a state that allows ... Read More »

Fusion Science Review Board Considerations for Oversight by a Fusion Energy Consortium

By: Irvin R. Lindemuth, Ph.D. Biography & contact info: https://science.fusion4freedom.com/lindemuth/ November 28, 2017 Rev 1.1 The “fusion” devil is in the details!! Nobel Peace laureate Andre Sakharov has been quoted by his Russian colleagues, some whom I know personally, as saying “with one (appropriate) false assumption, you can prove any theory.” In fusion, changing one or several really big “ifs” ... Read More »

COMPASS Upgrade

IPP Czech Academy of Sciences COMPASS-U will be a high magnetic field device with relevant plasma geometries is missing in the European fusion programme (and worldwide after the shut-down of Alcator C-MOD). The purpose of the project is to enlarge the COMPASS operational space, improve its performance and address some of the key gaps in the Plasma Exhaust Physics (PEX). ... Read More »

Decades-Long Physics Mystery Elucidated with Titan

Oakridge October 16, 2017 The interior of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT’s) Alcator C-Mod tokamak. A team led by Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory’s C.S. Chang recently used the Titan supercomputer to simulate C-Mod in the first computational demonstration of a spontaneous transition of a tokamak plasma into high-confinement mode, a mode that will be necessary for fusion in the ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion 500 Terawatt Laser At The National Ignition Facility

Canada Weekly November 24, 2017 The world’s most powerful laser system at the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore Labs can deliver an ultrashort laser pulse, 5×10^-11 seconds long, which delivers more than 500 trillion watts (terawatts or TW) of peak power and 1.85 megajoules (MJ) of ultraviolet laser light to its target. In context, 500 terawatts is 1,000 times ... Read More »

IIoT devices, services and software drive IoT market

Metering.com 16 NOVEMBER 2017 A new report from Navigant Research has determined that global revenue for IIoT devices will total more than $1 trillion between 2017 and 2027. The report, which examines the IIoT market, providing global forecasts, segmented by region and sector, through 2027, predicts the cumulative revenue across IIoT devices, software and services. According to a company release, ... Read More »

Optimism in Bonn about fusion reactor, despite Brexit

Euro Observer 15. NOV, 2017 The ITER machine is being built in the south of France (Photo: © ITER Organization) As climate negotiators were discussing words and commas in preparation for implementing the Paris agreement at one area of the Bonn climate conference in Germany, another zone is reminiscent of a trade fair – with countries and companies offering green ... Read More »

Researcher Wins IAEA Nuclear Fusion Prize for Physics Insight into Reaching High-Performance Operation in Fusion Devices

IAEA NOV 15, 2017 Francois Ryter from Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics has won the IAEA’s 2017 Nuclear Fusion Journal Prize for experimental work elucidating a mechanism that can trigger a fusion plasma (see video) to a state that allows the fusion device to operate under high performance, the journal’s Board of Editors has announced. The work was ... Read More »

Channeling helium: Researchers take next step toward fusion energy

Texas A&M NOVEMBER 10, 2017 By: Lorian Hopcus Fusion is the process that powers the sun, harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy. However, researchers say that constructing a fusion power plant has proven to be a daunting task, in no small part because there have been no materials that could survive the grueling conditions found in the ... Read More »

PPPL honors Grierson and Greenough for distinguished research and engineering achievements

PPPL November 13, 2017 Physicist Brian Grierson and engineer Nevell Greenough A breakthrough in the development of fusion diagnostics and the creative use of radio frequency waves to heat the plasma that fuels fusion reactions earned the 2017 outstanding research and engineering awards from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Physicist Brian Grierson and engineer ... Read More »

A blanket to fuel fusion

Eurofusion November 8th 2017 Harnessing the energy generated by a fusion reactor while simultaneously generating more tritium fuel to sustain the reaction is no easy task. However, that is what is required from a blanket, the enormous structure that lines the outside of the first wall. ENERGY CAPTURE The energy given off in a fusion reaction comes in the form ... Read More »

Tritium: a challenging fuel for fusion

Eurofusion November 8th 2017 Picture 1: Schematic diagram of the tritium breeding inside a fusion reactor. Deuteriumtritium atoms fuse in a hot plasma to produce one atom of helium-4 atom, one neutron and, along with it, energy. The fusion neutrons will escape the plasma and react with lithium atoms present in the so-called breeding blanket to produce atomic tritium. Picture: ... Read More »

Physicists improve vertical stability of superconducting Korean fusion device

Phys.org November 6, 2017 by John Greenwald Physicist Dennis Mueller with image of KSTAR on scree at left. Credit: Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications A major challenge facing the development of fusion energy is maintaining the ultra-hot plasma that fuels fusion reactions in a steady state, or sustainable, form using superconducting magnetic coils to avoid the tremendous power requirement of ... Read More »

Can nuclear fusion power the globe?

Utility Helpline 30th October 2017 Today marks the 3,224th anniversary of the earliest recorded solar eclipse. Researchers at the University of Cambridge worked retrospectively to put a date of 30 October 1207 BC to the eclipse which was referenced in the Bible. The research allowed historians to put a more accurate date to the reign of Egyptian pharaohs. Instead of ... Read More »

United States blocks Iran from fusion megaproject

Science Oct. 31, 2017 Preparing for future ties, an ITER team visits an Iranian fusion facility. ITER ORGANIZATION TEHRAN—The Iran nuclear deal was meant to usher in a new era of science cooperation between the Islamic republic and other parties to the landmark agreement, which deters the country from pursuing nuclear weapons in exchange for sanctions relief. But nearly 2 ... Read More »

Agitators, regulators and predators on the prowl

By Paul Driessen Oct. 29, 2017 They’re going for a knockout and jackpot on a farm chemical, a corporation – and science Legal and scientific ethics seem to have become irrelevant, as anti-chemical agitators, regulators and trial lawyers team up on numerous lawsuits against Monsanto. They’re seeking tens of billions of dollars in jackpot justice, by claiming a chemical in ... Read More »

The Uncertain Future of Fusion Energy

Energy Collective October 23, 2017 A giant reactor under construction seeks to achieve net energy gain, but some canny start-ups may get there first. Nuclear fusion has long been hailed as the clean energy source of the future, but has so far failed to live up to this promise. Though it was only three years between the first nuclear fission ... Read More »

Burnaby’s General Fusion featured in award-winning documentary on nuclear fusion

Cantech Letter OCTOBER 24, 2017 Dr. Michel Laberge, Founder and Chief Scientist of General Fusion in the documentary “Let There Be Light” Philanthropist and tech founder Bill Gates has said that solving climate change will require more than a slowdown in global emissions, it’ll take a whole different approach, “an energy miracle.” Which is why some folks including Burnaby, BC, ... Read More »

World’s Biggest Science Project Feels the Heat From Renewables

Washington Post Anna Hirtenstein | Oct 20, 2017 (Bloomberg) — The world’s biggest scientific experiment is on course to become the most expensive source of surplus power. Components of the 20 billion-euro ($24 billion) project are already starting to pile up at a construction site in the south of France, where about 800 scientists plan to test whether they can ... Read More »

Multiscale simulations help predict unruly plasma behavior

Phys.org September 21, 2017 by Kathy Kincade Visualization of temperature fluctuations from a high-resolution simulation of a plasma discharge in the DIII-D tokamak. The DIII-D plasma was designed to match many of the plasma parameters targeted in ITER operation. Credit: Chris Holland Decades of fusion research have brought many advances in our understanding of the physics of plasma, the hot ... Read More »

Meet the scientists who want to harness the power of the Sun

The Weather Network by Scott Sutherland | September 19, 2017 Fusion is the power source of the future, according to science fiction, but did you know that scientists have been working on this for decades, and are drawing ever closer to harnessing the power of the Sun? What is Fusion Power? When we look up into the sky, and see ... Read More »

Generalised ballooning theory of two dimensional tokamak modes

arcXiv P. A. Abdoul, D. Dickinson, C. M. Roach, H. R. Wilson (Submitted on 12 Oct 2017) In this work, using solutions from a local gyrokinetic flux-tube code combined with higher order ballooning theory, a new analytical approach is developed to reconstruct the global linear mode structure with associated global mode frequency. In addition to the isolated mode (IM), which ... Read More »

LET THERE BE LIGHT Interview: Director Mila Aung-Thwin, Physicists Mark Henderson and Michel Laberge Discuss Nuclear Fusion Becoming Mainstream

ScreenAnarchy And now for something completely different. Many of the writing staff here at ScreenAnarchy have different careers outside of their movie enthusiasms. Myself, I have a degree in Chemistry, and work as a materials scientist. So when the opportunity to talk to the pair of nuclear fusion physicists presented itself, I was excited to get a bit more scientifically ... Read More »

NERSC Simulations Shed Light on Fusion Reaction Turbulence

HEC Wire September 19, 2017 Understanding fusion reactions in detail – particularly plasma turbulence – is critical to the effort to bring fusion power to reality. Recent work including roughly 70 million hours of compute time at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is helping clarify turbulence behavior characteristics. A team of physicists from the University of California ... Read More »

What lies beneath the lid at the Tokamak pit?

Fusion for Energy 25 September 2017 Aerial view of the Toakamak Building with the metallic lid installed, Caracrache, September 2017 © ITER Organization ​ITER has often been described as a “Pharaonic” project due to its ambition and immense size. It will consist of 39 buildings and infrastructures stretching over a land measuring 42 hectares in the South of France. Those ... Read More »

Chinese delegation visit strengthens relations with European fusion partners

Fusion for Energy 25 September 2017 From left to right: Y. Poitevin, F4E; K. Baker, F4E; H. Jahreiss, F4E; P-Y Chaffard, F4E; J. Schwemmer, F4E; G. Leidenfrost, F4E; L. Delong, ITER China; B. Zhang, MOST; M. Wang, ITER China; Q. Xiaoyong, MOST; C. Chunyu, MOST; and Y. Zhu, ITER China. A joint delegation of key representatives from the Chinese Ministry ... Read More »

Bill Gates gives a boost to ARPA-E, the feds’ endangered energy research agency

Geek Wire BY ALAN BOYLE on September 11, 2017 ARPA-E works on technologies ranging from power grid improvements to nuclear fusion. (ARPA-E via Twitter) Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates is putting in a plug for the federal government’s energy research agency, ARPA-E, just when it’s in need of a power surge. The Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy was created in ... Read More »

How Much Fuel Does It Take To Power The World?

Forbes Artificial lights strongly overlap with the concentrations of Earth’s population, showing the locations of light pollution, but also showcasing how widespread our energy use is. Over the past few centuries, the quality of life for the overwhelming majority of the world has increased precipitously. Amenities brought by the widespread availability and distribution of electricity have brought us into the ... Read More »

PPPL has a new interim director and is moving ahead with construction of prototype magnets

PPPL September 8, 2017 Rich Hawryluk Rich Hawryluk has been appointed interim director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) while an international search for a permanent director moves forward, Princeton University Vice President for PPPL David McComas announced recently. Hawryluk, who has been heading the NSTX-U Recovery Project, is an internationally-known physicist and a ... Read More »

Physicists propose new way to stabilize next-generation fusion plasmas

PPPL September 11, 2017 PPPL physicist Gerrit Kramer A key issue for next-generation fusion reactors is the possible impact of many unstable Alfvén eigenmodes, wave-like disturbances produced by the fusion reactions that ripple through the plasma in doughnut-shaped fusion facilities called “tokamaks.” Deuterium and tritium fuel react when heated to temperatures near 100 million degrees Celsius, producing high-energy helium ions ... Read More »

CIFF ’17: Let There Be Light

unseenfims.net September 13, 2017 There was a time when it seemed like the only people talking about fusion energy were the LaRouchers. Remember Fusion magazine? Despite their interest, many scientists still believe nuclear fusion (as opposed to conventional nuclear fission) is a realistic goal. A multi-national consortium has sunk billions of dollars and Euros into an experimental sun-like reactor, yet ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion: Gaining clean energy without toxic byproduct

ELE Times September 11, 2017 An MIT experiment with a new nuclear fusion fuel, producing 10 times as much energy from energised ions as previously achieved, takes us another step closer to achieving limitless clean energy with virtually no toxic byproduct. The recent announcement by scientists of a major breakthrough in fusion research has gone largely unnoticed or with jaded ... Read More »

Simulations Show How Recycled Atoms Boost Plasma Turbulence

NERSC AUGUST 7, 2017 Plasma density fluctuation in a tokamak plasma turbulence driven by ion temperature gradient. The green line shows the magnetic separatrix surface that contains the edge plasma pedestal within a few centimeters from it. Image: C.S. Chang, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Turbulence, the violently unruly disturbance of plasma, can prevent plasma from growing hot enough to fuel ... Read More »

Kelly de Soto: A game changer

MIT Paul Rivenberg | Plasma Science and Fusion Center | September 6, 2017 Incoming freshman refreshes Plasma Science and Fusion Center outreach tools. Incoming freshman Kaylee de Soto got a head start at MIT, arriving in June to help the Plasma Science and Fusion Center update its fusion video game. Photo: Paul Rivenberg/PSFC On Aug. 21, Kaylee de Soto was ... Read More »

THOROUGH PREPARATIONS LEAD TO FULLY OPERATIONAL HIDRA

NPRE Illinois Aug 30, 2017 Eight months of careful preparations have led to success in now making the HIDRA plasma/fusion facility in Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering at Illinois fully operational. The facility, housed in the Center for Plasma-Material Interactions (CPMI), achieved first plasma in spring 2016, but was operating in low power mode until late July of this year. ... Read More »

MIT Scientist Asserts That We Will Have Fusion Energy by 2030

Futurism IN BRIEF Earl Marmar, MIT’s Alcator C-Mod tokamak fusion project, said that we could potentially have nuclear fusion powering electric grids by the 2030s — that is, if we continue to pursue research aggressively. FUSION ON THE HORIZON In the continuous pursuit of a truly renewable and clean energy source, nothing compares to nuclear fusion. Although scientists have already ... Read More »