Energy Basics

By: Tom Tamarkin Founder Fusion4Freedom & President EnergyCite and ClimateCite Where does energy on our planet come from? There are three primary sources of material amounts of energy on Earth. The word material means an amount of energy greater than 2 % of total worldwide energy demand combining all sectors of transportation, industrial, commercial residential, … Read more

The Energy Trap

By Tom Murphy, Ph.D. USCD Department of Physics, Oct. 18, 2011 Many Do the Math posts have touched on the inevitable cessation of growth and on the challenge we will face in developing a replacement energy infrastructure once our fossil fuel inheritance is spent. The focus has been on long-term physical constraints, and not on … Read more

Nuclear Fission Reactors

By Barrie Lawson, UK Nuclear Energy – The Practice Nuclear energy is the usable energy extracted from atomic nuclei via controlled nuclear reactions and nuclear power plants have been used for commercial electricity generation for over half a century. In 2005, 16% of the world’s electricity was generated by nuclear power (Source – Nuclear Energy … Read more

2050 Projected Alternative Energy Supply and Demand Study

[php function=7]April 9, 2010 Summary The purpose of this study is to provide a first-pass approximation of world energy needs in 2050, and the ability of alternative energy to meet those needs. We make this approximation according to a specified methodology: We calculate the primary energy consumption per capita of the United States for 2008, … Read more

A Comparison of Energy Densities of Prevalent Energy Sources in Units of Joules Per Cubic Meter

Bradley E. Layton, Ph.D Assistant Professor, Energy Technology Program Director, Drexel University Abstract Typically, the energy densities of solids or liquids such as coal and oil are measured in dimensions of energy per unit volume or energy per unit mass, whereas solar, wind, and hydroelectric sources are rated in dimensions of power per unit area. … Read more

The Myth Of Ocean Acidification By Carbon Dioxide

Arizona Daily Independent BY: JONATHAN DUHAMEL JANUARY 28, 2014 We often read in the media that increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is making the oceans too acidic, and dissolving or otherwise harming carbonate-shelled marine fauna. These writers or reporters seem ignorant of the fact that these marine fauna evolved when the atmospheric CO2 concentration … Read more