Search Results for: ITER

27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2018)

IAEA 22–27 October 2018, Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fosters the exchange of scientific and technical results in nuclear fusion research and development through its series of Fusion Energy Conferences. The 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2018) aims to provide a forum for the discussion of key physics and technology issues as well ... Read More »

Fusion breakthrough: improved control of plasma

Futuretime.net 14th September 2018 Researchers have predicted the entire set of beneficial 3-D distortions for controlling edge localised modes (ELMs) in tokamak plasma. A long-time puzzle in the effort to capture the power of fusion is how to lessen or eliminate a common instability that occurs in the plasma called edge localised modes (ELMs). Just as the Sun releases enormous ... Read More »

Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition

DOE For the first time, scientists modeled the spontaneous bifurcation of turbulence to high-confinement mode, solving a 35-year-old mystery. Image courtesy of Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (Left) A typical plasma-density-fluctuation pattern from edge turbulence in a realistic tokamak geometry. The black line shows the magnetic separatrix surface with the magnetic X-point at the bottom. (Right) The suppression of high amplitude ... Read More »

Scientists tame damaging plasma instabilities in fusion facilities

Space Daily Aug 23, 2018 Before scientists can capture and recreate the fusion process that powers the sun and stars to produce virtually limitless energy on Earth, they must first learn to control the hot plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions. In a set of recent experiments, scientists have tamed a plasma instability in a way that could lead to ... Read More »

Steady as she goes: Scientists tame damaging plasma instabilities and pave the way for efficient fusion on Earth

PPPL By John Greewald | August 21, 2018 (Photo by Greg Cunningham/General Atomics Energy Group ) PPPL physicist Raffi Nazikian, left, and General Atomics physicist Craig Petty in front of a model cross-section of the DIII-D tokamak Before scientists can capture and recreate the fusion process that powers the sun and stars to produce virtually limitless energy on Earth, they ... Read More »

New cloud-based computing platform for fusion research

Fusion Group August 17, 2018 by Xavier Sáez Since June Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE) provides a new facility to fusion scientists, named the CUMULUS Modular Data Centre. The centre contains a new cloud-based computing platform that promises to process scientific data quicker, cheaper and more accurately than ever before. Scientific computing is an essential technology for assimilating and ... Read More »

Will doubling magnetic field strength halve the time to fusion energy?

Physics Today 01 August 2018 Magnets built with high-temperature superconductors are at the heart of efforts to demonstrate a burning plasma in a compact device. Two spin-off companies, one in the US and the other in the UK, hope to beat ITER, the massive seven-nation undertaking, by 10 years or more in proving that fusion is a viable energy source. ... Read More »

Fusion start-ups hope to revolutionize energy in the coming decades

C&EN August 6, 2018 Credit: General Fusion | The pistons surrounding General Fusion’s main reactor fire once per second, pressurizing the liquid metal and plasma within. With the help of venture capital funding and new technologies, a cadre of companies want to commercialize fusion energy in the next 20 years In brief A group of start-up companies hopes to capitalize ... Read More »

Will Lockheed Martin Change The World With Its New Fusion Reactor?

Forbes Aug 1, 2018 Artist’s rendition of concept Compact Fusion Reactor (CFR) – Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin’s secretive Skunk Works® laboratory registered a patent in March for a revolutionary technology that could solve the world’s energy problems for good – but don’t pop the champagne yet. The design is for a compact fusion reactor (CFR) which theoretically produces cheap, clean, ... Read More »

Newest supercomputer to help develop fusion energy in international device

PPPL July 25, 2018 Stephen Jardin Scientists led by Stephen Jardin, principal research physicist and head of the Computational Plasma Physics Group at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), have won 40 million core hours of supercomputer time to simulate plasma disruptions that can halt fusion reactions and damage fusion facilities, so that scientists can ... Read More »

Cracking Nuclear Fusion With Supercomputers And Smart Code

The Next Platform June 27, 2018 Brid-Aine Parnell Nuclear fusion, the opportunity to harness the power of the stars, has been a dream of humanity from around the time of the Manhattan Project. But while making bombs has been readily achieved, controlling the process for thermonuclear fusion for civilian use has been frustratingly elusive. Nuclear fusion could be a clean, ... Read More »

TAE rearranges its leadership and gets ready for next chapter in fusion quest backed by Paul Allen

Geek Wire by Alan Boyle on July 17, 2018 Michl Binderbauer is moving up from chief technology officer to chief executive officer at California-based TAE Technologies, formerly known as Tri Alpha Energy. (PPPL / TAE Photo) TAE Technologies, the fusion energy venture backed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen and other heavy-hitters, is elevating Michl Binderbauer to CEO and bringing former ... Read More »

No more zigzags: Scientists uncover mechanism that stabilizes fusion plasmas

PPPL Isabel Krebs Sawtooth swings — up-and-down ripples found in everything from stock prices on Wall Street to ocean waves — occur periodically in the temperature and density of the plasma that fuels fusion reactions in doughnut-shaped facilities called tokamaks. These swings can sometimes combine with other instabilities in the plasma to produce a perfect storm that halts the reactions. ... Read More »

NEW CRP: Atomic Data for Vapour Shielding in Fusion Devices (F43024)

IAEA July 11, 2018 An illustration of the interactions between ions and neutrals in a plasma vapour shield. (Illustration: IAEA) The IAEA is launching a new 3-year Coordinated Research Project (CRP) in order to assemble, validate and distribute atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction data for nuclear fusion energy development. Upon conclusion, the CRP is expected to provide an authoritative and ... Read More »

CPMI researchers prepare HIDRA to test liquid lithium fusion reactor experiments

NPRE Illinois Jul 03, 2018 Researchers working with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign HIDRA plasma/fusion facility have had a busy and productive summer as they have prepared the facility to run experiments on techniques designed to advance fusion reactors. Scientists at both Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and the Center for Plasma-Material Interactions (CPMI) at Illinois are examining the ... Read More »

Deep learning software advances the quest for fusion energy feasibility

Princeton Research Computing Jun 15, 2018 Four members of the PICSciE-affiliated research team that designed the experiments and developed the FRRN code: Chief architect of the FRNN is Julian Kates-Harbeck (inset photo), a graduate student at Harvard University and a DOE Office of Science Computational Science Graduate Fellow; Eliot Feibush (standing, center), a computational scientist and experienced data analyst at ... Read More »

Taming fusion with machine learning

MIT Paul Rivenberg | July 2, 2018 MIT postdoc Cristina Rea records data about disruptions in fusion plasmas from the DIII-D control room. Photo courtesy of General Atomics. Postdoc Cristina Rea’s detour into banking provides a new route back to plasma research. “In some ways you can compare what we are trying to do to self-driving cars.” MIT postdoc Cristina ... Read More »

Has This Startup Cracked the Secret to Fusion Energy?

livescience.com By Yasemin Saplakoglu, Staff Writer | June 25, 2018 The ongoing joke in the world of physics is that commercially viable fusion energy has been just on the horizon — 30 years away at most — for the past eight decades. Now, a new Washington-based startup, Agni Energy Inc., has a plan for a fusion reactor the company said ... Read More »

Ahmedabad to host IAEA’s fusion meet

Times of India Jun 15, 2018 Ahmedabad: India will host the world’s largest International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fusion energy conference (FEC) at the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR) in Bhat in Ahmedabad. The five-day event will begin from October 22. Preparations for the event is in full swing with scientific papers being called for from over 1,000 fusion energy ... Read More »

Speculative climate chaos v. indisputable fossil fuel benefits

Paul Driessen and Roger Bezdek June 2, 2018 Federal judge tells climate litigants to tally the numerous blessings from fossil fuels since 1859 Judge William Alsup has a BS in engineering, has written computer programs for his ham radio hobby, delves deeply into the technical aspects of numerous cases before him, and even studied other programming languages for a complex ... Read More »

Trump administration must decide whether to back the biggest nuclear fusion project ever

Science and Technology June 5, 2018 The House Science, Space and Technology Committee is known for its partisan bickering. Under Chairman Lamar Smith (R-Tex.), Republicans opened probes into federally funded climate scientists that Democrats have derided as politically motivated witch hunts. But the panel showed a rare bit of bipartisanship during a hearing Tuesday with Democrats and Republicans generally uniting ... Read More »

Scientists From Around the World Come to New Jersey to Discuss How to Control Plasma-Surface Interactions for Fusion

PPPL By Larry Bernard | June 4, 2018 Physicists Rajesh Maingi, left, and Charles Skinner. PRINCETON, New Jersey (June 6, 2018) – The 23rd International Conference on Plasma Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices – the preeminent biennial research conference in this field – begins on June 17 and continues for six days. More than 400 scientists from around the ... Read More »

Advanced tokamak investigations in full-tungsten ASDEX Upgrade

AIP Physics of Plasmas Physics of Plasmas 25, 056115 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5024320 A. Bocka, H. Doerk, R. Fischer, D. Rittich, J. Stober, A. Burckhart, E. Fable, B. Geiger, A. Mlynek, M. Reich, H. Zohm, and ASDEX Upgrade Team Abstract The appropriate tailoring of the q-profile is the key to accessing Advanced Tokamak (AT) scenarios, which are of great benefit to future ... Read More »

Postdoctoral Researcher (fixed term) in the area of edge-plasma physics in magnetic fusion energy devices

Duunitori Aalto-yliopisto Työpaikkakuvaus Aalto University is a community of bold thinkers where science and art meet technology and business. We are committed to identifying and solving grand societal challenges and building an innovative future. Aalto University has six schools with nearly 11 000 students and nearly 400 professors. The campus of the School of Science is located on the Otaniemi ... Read More »

Materials for nuclear fusion: how do you confine a sun to a box?

Oxford 18th May 2018 by Jack Haley Nuclear fusion – energy of the future? Modern nuclear power plants produce power from the energy produced during nuclear fission, where heavy and unstable atoms are split open. Typically, a neutron will react with an atom of Uranium-235 to produce two smaller atoms, for example Rubidium and Caesium, plus three neutrons. The three ... Read More »

Faster nuclear fusion work

Engineerlive.com 22nd May 2018 Case study showing how advanced technology is speeding up MRO at the world’s largest nuclear fusion facility As the world’s largest nuclear fusion power experiment, the JET (Joint European Torus) nuclear fusion tokamak is designed to harness energy with the intention of furthering the development of fusion power generation. Fusion is based on the same principle ... Read More »

Charting the International Roadmap to a Demonstration Fusion Power Plant

IAEA May 11, 2018 The 5th edition of the IAEA DEMO Programme Workshop was held at the National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon, South Korea, which is home of the Korean tokamak KSTAR. This machine will serve as a base for constructing and operating a Korean DEMO-type reactor. (Photo: ITER Organization) More than 60 top fusion scientists and engineers from around ... Read More »

Divertor Tokamak Test Facility to be built in Italy

Fusion Group May 11, 2018 by Xavier Sáez The Divertor Tokamak Test (DTT) Facility will be built in Frascati, Rome, Italy, as has been announced by Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA). It will be part of the International Center of Excellence for nuclear fusion research and will have a cost of 500 million ... Read More »

Eliminating small instabilities in tokamaks before they become disruptions

Phys.org May 3, 2018, US Department of Energy A simulation shows (a) a disruptive instability in the DIII-D tokamak, a cross-section (b) of orbits of trapped energetic ions (black) interacting with the magnetic instability (colors), and the dependence of the critical stability threshold (c) in the ratio of thermal to magnetic energy, βc, as a function of the magnetic shear ... Read More »

International fusion activities and the IAEA’s role

IAEA Nuclear energy can also be produced by fusion reactions of light nuclei. This technique promises many advantages and has attracted global research and development efforts. The IAEA has supported fusion energy research since its inception and helps Member States exchange and build knowledge on fusion science and technology. Worldwide research has made impressive progress in fusion and plasma physics. ... Read More »

The Quest for Clean Energy: IAEA Challenge on Materials for Fusion

IAEA Modelling Damage in a Fusion Reactor Motivation Nuclear fusion is the process by which the nuclei of two light atoms combine to produce a single nucleus whilst releasing a large amount of energy. A star like our own Sun shines because of energy released from a set of fusion reactions which convert hydrogen to helium. A nuclear fusion power ... Read More »

MIT’s Nuclear Cure-Alls

A critique of the MIT & Commonwealth Energy Compact Fusion Energy Reactor By Daniel Jassby, Ph.D. New Jersey, 3/29/2018 Prepared for the National Academy of Sciences public input on fusion energy In March 2018 a collaboration of MIT and CFS (Commonwealth Fusion Systems) announced that it would build a compact high-field experimental fusion reactor called SPARC that would produce 10-second ... Read More »

Fusion reactors: Not what they’re cracked up to be

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Daniel Jassby | 19 April 2017 Fusion reactors have long been touted as the “perfect” energy source. Proponents claim that when useful commercial fusion reactors are developed, they would produce vast amounts of energy with little radioactive waste, forming little or no plutonium byproducts that could be used for nuclear weapons. These pro-fusion advocates also ... Read More »

Be clean, be strong

ITER Kirsten Haupt 16 Apr, 2018 To achieve maximum fusion efficiency in a tokamak device it is essential to limit the impurities in the plasma. But this can be a challenge, as interaction between the hot plasma and the material surfaces of the vacuum vessel causes material particles to detach and enter the swirling cloud of gas. A deuterium plasma ... Read More »

Analysis of scientific approaches & challenges of current private sector fusion energy companies

The following analysis is based on the review of publicly available scientific journal papers written and published by scientists at each of the identified companies as well as recent “poster presentations” at meetings such as the October-November 2016 American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics, conference held in San Jose, CA, and others. The following descriptions and challenges may be ... Read More »

Will China beat the world to nuclear fusion and clean energy?

BBC By Stephen McDonell BBC News, Anhui Province | 18 April 2018 China says it’s ahead in the global race for nuclear fusion In a world with an ever-increasing demand for electricity and a deteriorating environment, Chinese scientists are leading the charge to develop what some see as the holy grail of energy. The BBC’s Stephen McDonell was given rare ... Read More »

Why nuclear fusion is gaining steam – again

Energy Post April 12, 2018 by Scott L Montgomery Construction of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in southern France Although no breakthrough has happened in nuclear fusion since it was hailed as the clean energy source of the future in the 1970s, there are reasons to be optimistic now, writes Scott L. Montgomery of the University of Washington. There ... Read More »

Italy’s Eni defies skeptics, may up stake in nuclear fusion project

Reuters Giancarlo Navach | April 13, 2018 MILAN (Reuters) – Italian energy group Eni (ENI.MI) is considering stepping up its investment in nuclear fusion, potentially doubling down on a technology considered so uncertain that Eni remains the only global oil company prepared to place a bet on it. Postdoc Ted Golfinopoulos performs maintenance between plasma campaigns on the interior of ... Read More »

Why Fusion

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Robert J. Goldston | 9 April 2018 The 2014 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report included publication on the web of a wide range of scenarios for the future, produced by energy and environment modelers from all over the world. If we select the internationally coordinated set of scenarios that are consistent ... Read More »

Third Dimension speeds up MRO for world’s largest nuclear fusion facility at UKAEA

Connectingindustry.com 10 April 2018 – Victoria White For the last 10 years, Third Dimension has been working with the UK Atomic Energy Authority’s (UKAEA) RACE (Remote Applications in Challenging Environments) department to facilitate the development of nuclear fusion by speeding up the MRO (maintenance, repair and overhaul) process of the world’s largest experimental reactor. As the world’s largest nuclear fusion ... Read More »

Energy return on energy invested and the promise of fusion

Rationaloptimist.com Matt Ridley | 26 March, 2018 Unlimited cheap energy would transform society My Times column on Britain’s energy options: Until 2004 Britain was a net energy exporter. Today, it imports about half its energy. Some of that, in the form of coal and liquefied natural gas, comes directly from Russia, which also supplies a third of Europe’s gas through ... Read More »

Climate chaos claims continue causing consternation

By Paul Driessen April 3, 2018 From the Oakland v. oil company lawsuit to ridiculous “research,” the onslaught never ends Anyone who thought “manmade climate cataclysm” rhetoric couldn’t possibly exceed Obama era levels should read the complaint filed in the “public nuisance” lawsuit that’s being argued before Federal District Court Judge William Alsup in a California courtroom: Oakland v BP ... Read More »